Over the Counter Birth Control
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Condoms for men and women, the sponge, spermicides... choices abound for people who want to get their birth control from a local drug store!
Transcript: Millions of people who choose to engage in sex use over-the-counter, or OTC, methods of birth control,...
Millions of people who choose to engage in sex use over-the-counter, or OTC, methods of birth control, including male and female condoms, the sponge, and spermicides. Over-the-counter methods are appealing because they are available without a prescription, are inexpensive, and don't alter a woman's hormones. The most commonly used method of birth control is the male condom. A condom is a latex or plastic sheath that is worn on the penis to collect semen. If used perfectly EVERY TIME, condoms are 98 percent effective against pregnancy, but with typical use, they are about 85 percent effective. In addition, condoms are most effective when used with a separately applied vaginal spermicide. To put on a condom, unroll it over an erect penis to the base, leaving about a half- inch of space in the tip for semen. The female condom is another OTC method, effective 95 percent of the time when used perfectly, or 80 percent effective with typical use. It offers some protection against STDs and is a good alternative for people who are allergic to latex. The female condom is a plastic pouch with rings at both ends. It is inserted into the vagina to cover the cervix and prevent sperm from entering the uterus. To use it, insert the closed ring into the vagina like a tampon. Let the outer ring hang an inch outside the vagina. While using a lubricant can make both the male and female condom more comfortable, NEVER use an oil-based brand with latex, as this can cause breakage. Condoms are more effective when combined with another method of birth control, like spermicides. Although spermicides can be used alone, they only reduce pregnancy by 85 percent, and are ineffective at protecting against STDs. Spermicides, which are available in cream, foam, jelly, and suppository form, block the entrance to the uterus and immobilize sperm. Although each preparation is a bit different, a spermicide should generally be inserted into the vagina about ten minutes before intercourse. Spermicide should be reapplied before each additional sexual encounter. Another birth control method that utilizes spermicide is the soft, plastic female sponge. The sponge covers the cervix to block sperm, and generally reduces pregnancy risk by 70 to 90 percent depending on a woman's conception history and accuracy of use. The sponge continuously releases a spermicide. The sponge can be inserted up to 24 hours before intercourse and must remain in place for at least six hours afterward. Before inserting the sponge, activate the spermicide by moistening it with water and squeezing gently. Then, fold the sponge upward from the loop at the bottom and slide it deeply into the vagina. While each of these OTC methods offers protection against pregnancy, none of them are 100 percent effective, and only condoms offer any protection against STDs. Sex is fun, but it does come with risks. Remember to talk to your doctor AND your partner about the birth control method that is right for you, and to use it correctly every time!More »
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Tired of taking the pill? Behavioral birth control may be just the thing for you. Learn about the pros and cons of this method by watching this video.
Transcript: Behavioral methods of birth control rely on couples adjusting their sexual practices to reduce the chances...
Behavioral methods of birth control rely on couples adjusting their sexual practices to reduce the chances of an unplanned pregnancy. These methods are advantageous in that they are free and require no prescription. Withdrawal is a method of birth control whereby a man pulls his penis out of the vagina before ejaculation. This can prevent pregnancy by keeping a sperm from meeting the egg. Unfortunately, 30 percent of people who rely on the withdrawal method conceive anyway. This is because even pre-ejaculate can cause a pregnancy. It also takes a LOT of self-control for a man to pull out at the height of pleasure, particularly if he is prone to premature ejaculation. Some couples rely on behavioral "fertility awareness methods," or FAMs. These depend on a woman tuning in to her body's ovulation cycles and refraining from sex on days when she is likely to release an egg. Before a couple can use FAMs, they must understand that a man's sperm can live in a woman's body for five or six days. A woman's egg, meanwhile, survives for one day after release. There are several ways to determine if a woman is ovulating, one of which is called the temperature method. A woman's body temperature rises minutely-between 0.4 to 0.8 degrees-on the day she ovulates, and remains elevated until her period. A couple is less likely to conceive between three days after the temperature rise to the day it falls again. A woman's body temperature rises minutely-between 0.4 to 0.8 degrees-on the day she ovulates, and remains elevated until her period. A couple is less likely to conceive between three days after the temperature rise to the day it falls again. Other couples use the calendar method, where the woman charts her menstrual cycles and abstains from sex on the days she's likely to be fertile...usually the five days prior to, day of, and day after, ovulation. Other FAMs include the standard days method, whereby a woman uses a special string of beads to chart ovulation, and the mucous method, where she monitors vaginal discharge to determine when conception is likely. While each of these FAMs can work, they are only about eighty percent effective, assuming the methods are followed strictly. Human error and other common factors can contribute to the failure rate. This is because ovulation can be altered by even slight stressors, like illness or diet alterations. In addition, most women don't ovulate at the same time every month, and charting fertility patterns consistently requires much dedication! Because behavioral methods other than abstinence have such a high margin of error, they are NOT recommended as primary means of birth control. In addition, none of the behavioral birth control methods (with the exception of abstinence), offer ANY protection against another common result of intercourse: sexually transmitted diseases. Intercourse can easily result in conception, so couples who don't wish to have a child should use birth control when being intimate. Talk to your doctor about the method that's best for YOU.More »
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A diaphragm is an internal birth control device. It has proved to be a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy. Learn more about diaphragms in this video.
Transcript: A woman can often avoid an unwanted pregnancy by inserting one of several prescription forms of birth...
A woman can often avoid an unwanted pregnancy by inserting one of several prescription forms of birth control, such as the diaphragm, the ring, or the implant. Women who use internal birth control appreciate that it is not felt by either partner, nor does insertion interfere with sex play. On the other hand these forms all require a doctors prescription to obtain and are initially more expensive than over-the-counter methods. The most common of these, the diaphragm, is a dome-shaped cup with a flexible rim made of latex or silicone. This barrier method is used with a spermicide cream or jelly. The diaphragm is inserted into the vagina and fits securely over the cervix. This blocks entry to the uterus, while the spermicide immobilizes wayward sperm. The diaphragm should be inspected under a light before insertion to be sure that no punctures have developed. Two hours or less before intercourse, squirt spermicide in the cup and spread the extra around the rim. Find a comfortable position and separate the vaginal labia. Fold the cup in half, then push the device back in the vagina. The front rim should be wedged behind the pubic bone and the cup should be covering the cervix entirely. Leave a diaphragm in place for six hours after intercourse. If properly cared for, a diaphragm can often be used for about two years. But because changes, such as weight gain, can alter the fit of the diaphragm, bring your device with you to every ob-gyn appointment. Both the contraceptive vaginal ring, called the NUVA-ring, and the progestin implant, called Implanon, are hormonal methods which protect against pregnancy by suppressing ovulation. For this reason, they are more than 99 percent effective with perfect use, compared to the diaphragms 94 percent. The implant, or Implanon, is a plastic device which is the size of a match. Once inserted, it begins releasing the hormone etonogestrel, a progestin, immediately. A doctor inserts Implanon into the arm after numbing the area with local anesthesia. It can be left in place and be effective for up to three years, or can be removed earlier if pregnancy is so desired. Women who use the implant may experience irregular bleeding, but some wind up not menstruating at all. The vaginal ring, on the other hand, contains estrogen and progesterone and encourages a normal 4-week cycle. NuvaRing is a small, flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina once a month. Its then left in place for three weeks, and taken out for one, during which time menstruation occurs. Insert the ring by pressing the sides together and sliding it gently into the vagina. Unlike with the diaphragm, exact placement is not crucial, since the ring releases hormones through the vaginal mucous. Because both the ring and the implant alter a womans hormones, some side effects, like irregular bleeding, weight gain, or breast tenderness may result. All of these methods are effective, but require more of a commitment than over-the-counter birth controland NONE of them protect against sexually transmitted diseases. If youre considering internal methods of birth control, talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of each before making a decision!More »
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Think about using an IUD? Check out this video to learn all you need to know about internal birth control.
Transcript: An intra-uterine device, or an IUD, is a T-shaped, plastic instrument that is inserted into a womans...
An intra-uterine device, or an IUD, is a T-shaped, plastic instrument that is inserted into a womans uterus to prevent pregnancy. There are two types of IUDs available in the United States: ParaGard and Mirena. ParaGard is an older form of an IUD that contains copper. Its presence encourages the body to release leukocytes and prostaglandins, substances that are hostile to both sperm and eggs, or ova. Mirena does this as well, but it also contains progestin. This hormone decreases the frequency with which a woman releases eggs. In addition, Mirena changes the structure of a womans cervical mucous, making it difficult for sperm to meet egg. Both ParaGard and Mirena have a more controversial element: They act to thin the lining of the uterus, which may inhibit the implantation of an already fertilized egg. Some individuals believe that this is a form of abortion and opt not to use this type of birth control. Although both types have different methods of action, they are inserted in the same manner. A doctor measures the length and width of the cervix and uterus with an instrument called a sound. Then, a tube containing the IUD is inserted through the vagina into the uterus. Once there, the devices folded arms open up to a T-form. Strings at the bottom of the IUD are then snipped to rest just outside the cervix. They can be felt with a finger, and assure a woman that her IUD is in place. IUD insertion may cause pain and cramps, and some doctors recommend taking pain medicine prior to the procedure. It can also help to insert the device mid-cycle, when the cervix is naturally dilated. Once inserted, an IUD is more than 99 percent effective at preventing pregnancy, lasting for five years in Mirenas case, and ten or more in ParaGards. Should a woman decide to have her IUD removed early, she might take up to a year to get pregnant. This long length of time, unobtrusive placement, and ease of use, all contribute to the IUDs popularity. In addition, its $200 to $500 price tag makes it the cheapest form of long-term birth control in the United States. In addition, Mirena can reduce or even end menstruation within one year of insertion. ParaGard, on the other hand, may increase menstrual flow by 50 percent. Generally, this form of birth control has relatively few side complications, although on a rare occasion, the device will push through the wall of the uterus, resulting in a uterine perforation. If this is left undiscovered, the IUD can move around and damage internal organs. Also, in the unlikely event that a woman becomes pregnant while using an IUD, she is more likely to miscarry, give birth prematurely, or have an ectopic pregnancy, which is a dangerous condition whereby a fertilized egg develops in a fallopian tube. To avoid a pregnancy, its important for a woman to wash her hands, insert her finger into the vagina, and feel for the string between periods, thereby ensuring that the device has not moved. Intra-uterine devices are incredibly effective and very popular, however, they do NOT protect against sexually transmitted diseases. Talk to your doctor about the pros and cons of an IUD.More »
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Some women may choose to use hormonal birth control rather than other options. But how do you know if the patch or the shot are right for you? Watch this video to find out more about these methods.
Transcript: Hormonal birth control is extremely successful at preventing an unwanted pregnancy, but some women find...
Hormonal birth control is extremely successful at preventing an unwanted pregnancy, but some women find taking daily oral contraception to be an inconvenience. For these people, other hormonal methods may be useful, including the patch and the shot. The shot, which is more commonly known under its brand name, Depo-Provera, is an injection of hormones that prevents pregnancy. Depo-Provera stops conception in several ways, mainly by preventing the ovaries from releasing eggs. It also thickens a woman's cervical mucous and reduces motility of the fallopian tubes, making it less likely for a sperm to join an egg. In addition, the shot thins the lining of the uterus, which may make it difficult for a fertilized egg to implant and grow. Some people consider this an early form of an abortion and therefore find it unethical. In addition to the hormonal changes which help to prevent pregnancy, most women experience a reduction in their menstrual flow, or a complete cessation of periods altogether. A woman using Depo-Provera receives the injection in a doctor's office every twelve weeks. It works to prevent conception for the full three months afterward. The shot is 97 percent effective and usually costs between $30 and $75 U.S. dollars, per injection. This, in conjunction with the fact that Depo-Provera does not contain estrogen, (a common ingredient in many hormonal methods), makes it popular with the women who use it. However, use of the shot beyond two years is not advised as it is associated with bone density loss and osteoporosis. For this reason, some women may prefer a newer method of hormonal birth control: the patch. The patch is a thin, beige-colored device that adheres to a woman's skin like a band-aid for a week at a time. After receiving a prescription for the patch, a woman will apply the sticky part to the skin of her buttocks, stomach, upper arm, or upper torso. On the same day a week later, the patch should be removed and replaced. This continues for three weeks, with a one week break during which a woman has her period. This device works in the same manner as Depo-Provera. With correct use, the patch is more than 99 percent effective and is usually quite affordable at about $30 U.S dollars per month. However, women who are over 180 pounds or who have a body mass index greater than 30 may experience less success with this method. In addition, the patch is not recommended for people who take certain medications, like those used to treat seizures. In general, both the shot and the patch are quite effective at preventing pregnancy; however neither offers protection against sexually transmitted diseases. For this reason, some women use condoms to reduce STD transmission and for back-up pregnancy prevention. If you're considering a hormonal method of birth control, carefully weigh your options and talk to your doctor about which may be right for you!More »
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Prescription birth control, otherwise known as the pill, is one of the most commonly used methods for contraception. Watch this video for more information about the pros and cons the pill.
Transcript: Oral contraception, more commonly known as "the pill," is the most popular method of prescription birth...
Oral contraception, more commonly known as "the pill," is the most popular method of prescription birth control in the United States. It comes in two forms: combination, and progestin-only, which is often referred to as the "mini-pill." Combination pills contain both estrogen and progestin, two types of hormones similar to those made naturally by a woman's ovaries. This combination pill works primarily by preventing the ovaries from releasing an egg each month. Some combination pills, like Yas and Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo, contain less estrogen for women who feel the effects of the hormone more strongly or those who prefer to take minimal doses. The mini-pill, which only contains progestin, works by thickening a woman's cervical mucous and thinning the lining of the uterus. It may also suppress ovulation, but not reliably like combination pills. For this reason, the Mini-Pill is less forgiving than the combination pill and MUST be taken at the same time each day. To start taking the pill, you must get a prescription from a doctor, who will decide which type and dose is best for you. After getting the prescription filled, a woman should begin taking the pill according to her doctor's instructions. For maximum efficacy, the pill should be taken at the exact same time every day. Combination pills come in 21 or 28-day packs. Both have 21 hormonally active days of pills, while the last seven days in a 28 pack are simply "reminder" pills, which do NOT contain any hormones. Progestin-only pills come in 28-day packs, every day of which contains hormones. Regardless of the type of combination pill a woman takes, menstruation occurs during the fourth week of her cycle. Women taking combination pills have the option of suppressing a period by skipping the "placebo" week and starting a new pack immediately. Meanwhile, with the progestin-only pill, the periods can be irregular, or even disappear altogether. The pill is such a popular method of birth control due to its price tag-about $15 U.S. dollars a month-and its high rate of effectiveness-over 99 percent when used perfectly. In addition, the combination pill has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of cancer of the ovaries and uterus. Other benefits include a reduction in acne, osteoporosis, and premenstrual symptoms. Of course, the pill is not for everyone. It has been shown to slightly increase the risk of a blood clot in the legs, lungs, heart, or brain. For this reason, it is NOT recommended for use by women with a history of blood clots, blood clotting disorders, or uncontrolled high blood pressure. Nor is it recommended for smokers over the age of 35. In addition, women over 180 pounds, or who have a body mass index above 30, and those who take certain medications like St. John's Wort, may find the pill less effective. If you are taking oral contraceptives, remember that your birth control does NOT protect against sexually transmitted diseases, so you will want to use a condom as back-up. The pill is a very effective method of preventing an unwanted pregnancy, but it is not for everyone. Women that may have trouble remembering to take contraception should explore other methods.More »
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How effective birth control is depends on your contraception method and how perfectly it's used. Learn more in this video.
Transcript: Anytime you're getting busy in the bedroom, there's a chance you'll conceive. So, if you're not ready...
Anytime you're getting busy in the bedroom, there's a chance you'll conceive. So, if you're not ready for that kind of a threesome, consider contraception carefully. Before you get hot and heavy, you should know that only abstinence provides a 100% guarantee that you won't get pregnant. Since you probably won't choose that option, you should know how good your birth control method really is at preventing conception. The effectiveness of any form of birth control is measured by something called the birth control failure rate, which tells us, on average, what percentage of couples using that birth control method will get pregnant during a full year of use. For example, if a contraception method is 90% effective, 10% of all women using that form of birth control would become pregnant over the course of a single year. But effectiveness is a tricky word, because many people make mistakes when they use birth control-like forgetting to take the Pill, or pulling out too late while using the withdrawal method-that can reduce the success of their contraception method. That's why the effectiveness of most birth control methods is reported in two ways effectiveness when used perfectly, and a real effectiveness rate, which is based on how people actually use it. According to the FDA, hormonal methods of birth control have the best rates of success. The Pill, for example, has a 99.1-percent effectiveness rating with perfect use, and a 95% rating with standard use. An intrauterine device, which is place in a woman's uterus by a doctor and therefore has not standard use, has over a 99% effectiveness rating. The hormonal shot, which is also administered by a doctor is 97.7% effective. Similarly, the hormonal implant, like Norplant, which is inserted by a doctor, is always 99.9% effective. The male latex condom is 97% effective if used perfectly, but only 86% effective with typical use. The diaphragm is 94-percent effective with perfect use, and 80-percent effective with standard use. When used alone, spermicide is 94-percent effective if applied correctly, but only 74-percent effective based on actual use. Natural methods, like withdrawal, are not particularly effective at preventing pregnancy. The withdrawal method is 96-percent effective with perfect use, but only 81-percent effective with typical use. And, if you choose to forgo birth control altogether for a full year, there is an 85 percent chance that you'll become pregnant! Measuring the effectiveness of birth control in a single use is harder, because the likelihood of a woman getting pregnant varies dramatically throughout her menstrual cycle. Nonetheless, you can get an estimate of how effective one of these methods is for a one-night stand, by taking the annual failure rate and dividing it by 50. For example, if you use a male condom, here's the math: The male condom is 86% effective annually, so it has a 14% annual failure rate. Divide 14% by 50, and you get .3%. So, all other things being equal, if you use the male condom the way it's typically used, your chances of getting pregnant are less than 3 in 1,000. Whichever method of birth control you choose, there is still a chance that you'll get pregnant; and remember many forms of birth control offer no protection against STDs.More »
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When birth control fails, both partners are likely freaking out. Watch this to find out what to do when birth control doesn't work.
Transcript: You got carried away in the heat of the moment, and now you can't stop worrying... could you be pregnant?...
You got carried away in the heat of the moment, and now you can't stop worrying... could you be pregnant? Anytime that you have vaginal intercourse, pregnancy is a possibility - but how likely you are to get pregnant depends on the specific circumstances. There are a couple of situations that people frequently worry about. Say, for example, that you're having sex with a condom and it breaks. According to the Canadian Society for OBGYNs, about one in twenty-three broken condoms, or 4.5%, actually results in pregnancy. This makes sense, given that having unprotected sex once, results in pregnancy, on average, about 4% of the time. Some people also worry about becoming pregnant when using the withdrawal method, which is when a man pulls out before ejaculation. The most frequently quoted statistics on contraceptives are the "birth control failure rates." The birth control failure rate tells you what percentage of women, using a particular method of birth control, will get pregnant over a full year. When the withdrawal method is used perfectly, the birth control failure rate is just 4%. The failure is due to pre-ejaculate, the fluid released prior to orgasm, which still contains up to 300,000 baby-making sperm. However, based on how the withdrawal method is actually used, the birth control failure rate is really over 25%, according to the CDC. The precise risk of pregnancy from just one sexual encounter using the withdrawal method depends on where you were in your menstrual cycle. However, on average, if you used the method correctly your chances of pregnancy are less than .05% - that's 5 in 10,000. Sometimes, when a man orgasms from an activity other than intercourse, a woman may still worry that she accidentally touched the semen and then inserted it into her vagina. While it is possible to get pregnant this way, it's very unlikely. Nonetheless, sperm can live for an hour outside of the body, so be careful about touching your vagina with wet semen. I's important to remember though, that your actual chance of getting pregnant varies greatly, depending on where you are in your menstrual cycle. You're most likely to get pregnant each month during the several days when your body is ovulating, or releasing an egg into your fallopian tubes. Ovulation usually occurs from twelve to sixteen days after your period begins, but it can happen earlier or later as well, and can vary from month to month based on factors ranging from antibiotic use to stress. Just because you're not ovulating doesn't mean you can't get pregnant! A man's sperm can live in your body for up to seven days-which means, that if he ejaculates in you when you're not ovulating, conception is still possible.This means that, while it is unlikely, you can get pregnant if you have sex during your period. If you find yourself worrying about being pregnant, remember to always use birth control. If you need help picking the best contraception for your sex life, check out the other videos in this category.More »
Last Modified: 2012-11-17 | Tags »
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even if you've used a condom before, you may still have trouble getting it on. Watch this video for tips to make condom-wearing much easier.
Transcript: You know you should wear a condom. But how do you convince your penis of that? Putting on a condom can...
You know you should wear a condom. But how do you convince your penis of that? Putting on a condom can be scarywhat if she backs out, the mood is ruined, or you lose your erection? Relax. First, ensure that you keep condoms in an easy-access place thats not too obvious. For example, try a small, inconspicuous toiletries bag near the bed.If youre out, keep a condom in the chest pocket of your jacket where it will be safe and unnoticed. When its time to open the condom, make it easy by tearing from the center, not the corner. When putting the condom on, get on the bed and kneel on both knees, bending slightly forward. This is effective because blood will rush to your penis and offset any nervous shrinking. Of course, it has the added bonus of leaving you in position to,well, take the plunge!More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-27 | Tags »
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Safe sex doesn't have to be boring. Lots of fun can be had while being smart sex. Learn more about making safe sex sexy by watching this video.
Transcript: Believe it! You can spice up your love life up while still being smart about sex. Safe sex means not...
Believe it! You can spice up your love life up while still being smart about sex. Safe sex means not getting anyone else's semen, vaginal fluids, blood, or breast milk in your body. The only way to ensure that doesnt happen is to use a latex condom, dental dam, or latex gloves to protect yourself against transmission. But sex is about playeven responsible sexso make introducing safe sex practices part of your bedroom game! Use a water-based lube, like Astroglide, to make things go super-smoothly! Try buying some glow-in-the-dark condoms, and don't tell your partner what they do until the lights go out! Or take turns putting on the condom. Unroll it gently at the same time as one of you massages the penis. This ensures being safe feels good! Safe sex comes with some hot benefits! Condoms can help to maintain an erection and can fend off premature ejaculation. Its clear that safe sex is the hottest thing going on in todays bedrooms!More »
Last Modified: 2012-12-27 | Tags »
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If you don’t have much confidence in the average morning-after pill, you might want to know about the IUDs for the morning after. Get to know more from this video.
Transcript: Youre heard of the morning-after-pill and probably heard that its not fool-proof at preventing pregnancy....
Youre heard of the morning-after-pill and probably heard that its not fool-proof at preventing pregnancy. But another method is! If youve had sex without protection and need to be certain that you wont have to live with an unintended pregnancy, you may consider having a doctor insert an intra-uterine device, or IUD, into your uterus. This method is literally 99.9 percent effective when the IUD is inserted within 5 days after unprotected sex. An IUD is a T-shaped, plastic device that can be put into the uterus to prevent a pregnancy. ParaGard the type used for this purpose can prevent a pregnancy by encouraging the body to release leukocytes and prostaglandins, substances hostile to both sperm and eggs. The device can also stop an egg that has already been fertilized from implanting into the uterus. This type of IUD can stay in place and remain effective as birth control for 12 years, or it can be removed after the next menstrual period. A final note about IUDs: They are not recommended for women at a high risk for STDs following their sexual encounter. If this is you, talk to your doctor about other options.More »
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If you forget to use a condom, then the morning after pill can help. These pills contain hormones that help prevent pregnancy. To know more, watch our video.
Transcript: Forget to use a condom last night? The morning-after-pill offers protection against pregnancy today....
Forget to use a condom last night? The morning-after-pill offers protection against pregnancy today. Emergency contraception, or EC, is a pill that contains hormones which can help stop a pregnancy from occurring. Many people believe that EC causes an early abortion, but that's not the case. Actually, the medication prevents or delays the ovaries from releasing an egg, or stops a previously released egg from being fertilized. These are the same ways in which other hormonal birth controls prevent pregnancy. Emergency contraception is most effective when taken within 72 hours from the time of intercourse. However, about half the women who take it experience nausea and vomiting due to EC's high concentration of hormones. If you're looking for EC, one form-called Plan-B- is available over-the-counter for women over 18. Other brands require a doctor's prescription. Know that, at best, EC drugs are only 89 percent effective...so ensure that it truly is a "Plan B" for you!More »
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If you're a woman who can't take estrogen but is looking for the right oral contraceptive, taking the mini pill may just be for you. Check out this video for more information.
Transcript: There are more than 40 types of the birth control Pill available in the United States! How do you pick...
There are more than 40 types of the birth control Pill available in the United States! How do you pick one? Although all oral contraceptives help prevent pregnancy, every form is a bit different. One brand, the progestin-only Pill, is often referred to as the "mini pill." The mini pill is between 90 and 98 percent effective, slightly less than other forms of oral contraceptives. The mini pill gets its name because, unlike other forms of oral contraceptives, it does not contain estrogen. The mini pill works by thickening a woman's cervical mucus, making it very hard for sperm to enter her uterus. This is convenient for women who cannot take estrogen, or who react poorly to strong doses of hormones. But because the mini pill has fewer hormones, it must be taken at the exact same time each day, which can be hard to remember for some. Another disadvantage of the mini pill is that some women experience breakthrough bleeding between periods. If you're not sure about the mini pill, check out our other videos to learn about additional forms of oral contraception!More »
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