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Permanent Birth Control1,960 Views
Diaphragms will start in
A diaphragm is an internal birth control device. It has proved to be a safe and effective way to prevent pregnancy. Learn more about diaphragms in this video.
Description: Permanent birth control is more common than you'd think. Click here to watch this video and find out more about these birth control methods.
birth control, birth control methods, permanent birth control, preventing pregnancy, avoiding pregnancy, reduce pregnancy risk, vasectomy, tubal sterilization, tubal ligation
vas deferens, fallopian tubes, getting tubes tied, cervix, reduce risk of ovarian cancer, sperm, egg, scrotum, absence of sperm
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Non-reversible birth control, or sterilization, is the most popular method of preventing conception in the United States, perhaps because it does NOT affect a couple’s sex life. The female procedure is called tubal sterilization and the male operation is called a vasectomy. No matter which procedure a couple chooses, they must know that their decision is PERMANENT and does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. Vasectomy is more common than tubal sterilization and the procedure is nearly 100 percent effective. A man’s reproductive cells, called sperm, are made in the testes. They then pass through two tubes, called the vas deferens, and mix with other fluids to form semen, which exits the penis during ejaculation. A vasectomy works by blocking both vas deferens tubes, therefore preventing sperm from entering the semen. Usually, a vasectomy takes place in a doctor’s office under local anesthesia. An incision is made on each side of the scrotum. Then, a doctor will either tie the vas deferens, block them with clips, or cauterize them with heat, cold, or electrical currents. Also available is a “no-incision” procedure, which involves making a small puncture in the scrotum to reach the tubes. The cost for a vasectomy varies from 400 to 1,000 U.S. dollars. After a vasectomy, sperm remain in the body for about three months. Until a semen analysis shows an absence of sperm, a couple MUST use additional birth control as conception is still possible during this time of sperm clearing. A tubal sterilization is equally as effective, but is more invasive and costs more than a vasectomy…In the United States, up to $6,000. Therefore, it’s generally advised that a mutually monogamous couple undergo a vasectomy over a tubal ligation. During tubal sterilization, a woman’s fallopian tubes are closed. Because these tubes are where egg meets sperm, this makes pregnancy impossible. All tubal sterilizations involve an incision and are performed in an outpatient hospital setting under general anesthesia. Interestingly, as a non-contraceptive side benefit, a tubal ligation has been associated with a reduction in the risk of ovarian cancer. Most commonly, a minimally invasive procedure involving a laparoscope is used for the tubal sterilization process. However, a mini-laparatomy can also be performed when necessary. Additionally, sterilization can be completed during a cesarean-section if so desired. While each procedure is a bit different, they all involve a surgeon making an incision in the abdomen. The tubes are either tied shut, fastened with clips, or cauterized. A method which does not involve an incision is called the Essure permanent birth control procedure. During this procedure, the cervix is numbed and a camera that provides a view of the uterus called a hysperscope, is inserted into the vagina. Two soft metallic coils are then placed at the opening of the fallopian tubes. The coils cause scar tissue to grow and block the tubes. This method must be followed by a radiologic test called an HSG, or hysterosalpingogram, to demonstrate that the tubes are definitively blocked and another form of birth control is no longer necessary. Permanent sterilization is just that—permanent. If you are considering this option, it’s vital to weigh the pros and cons with your partner before undergoing these life-changing procedures!